Friday, October 15, 2021

The Singleton Hypothesis: the same old song

Nicholas Bostrom gained notoriety declaring that the most likely explanation for the Fermi Paradox or Great Silence - the apparent absence of detectable technological civilizations in the galaxy - is that Everybody Fails in one way or another. 


Unless life and sapience are rare - or humanity just happens to be first upon the scene - then, following a conclusion first drawn by Prof. Robin Hanson, any discovery of alien life would be *bad* news. 


There are complexities I left out, of course, and others have elaborated on the cheery Great Filter Hypothesis. But hold it in mind as we look at another piece of trademarked doom. 


 Nick Bostrom, philosopher & futurist, predicts we are headed towards a 'singleton' - "one organization that will take the form of either a world government, a super-intelligent machine (an AI) or, regrettably, a dictatorship that would control all affairs. As a society, we have followed the trend over time to converge into higher levels of social organization.” For more see Bostrom's article, "What is a singleton?"

Now at one level, this is almost an “um, duh?” tautology. Barring apocalypse, some more-formalized structure of interaction will clearly help humanity - in its increasingly diverse forms and definitions - to mediate contrary goals and interests. The quaint notion that all will remain “nations” negotiating “relations” endlessly onward into centuries and millennia is as absurd as the conceit in that wonderful flick ALIENS, that interstellar threats in the 29th century will be handled by the United States of America Marine Corps.  So sure, there will be some consolidation. 


The philosopher argues that historically there’s been a trend for our societies to converge in “higher levels of social organization”. We went from bands of hunter gatherers to chiefdoms, city-states, nation states and now multi-national corporations, the United Nations and so forth…”


Okay then, putting aside “um, duh” generalities, what is it Nick Bostrom actually proposes? Will ever-increasing levels of interaction be controlled from above by some centralized decision-making process? By AI god-minds? By a Central Committee and Politburo? By an Illuminati of trillionaires?  Far from an original concept, these are all variations on an old and almost universally dominant pattern in human affairs.


Elsewhere I describe how this vision of the future is issued almost daily by court intellectuals in Beijing, who call it the only hope of humankind. See “Central Control over AI... and everything else.” 


Sure, American instincts rebel against this centralizing notion. But let’s remember that (a) much of the world perceives Americans as crazy, taking individualism to the absurd levels of an insane cult, and (b) there are strong forces and tendencies toward what both Bostrom and the PRC heads foresee. These forces truly are prodigious and go back a long way. As we’ll see, a will to gather-up centralizing power certainly bubbles up from human nature! This suggests that it will be an uphill slog to prevent the “singleton” that Bostrom, the PRC, the trillionaires and so many others portray as inevitable. 


Nevertheless, there is a zero-sum quality to this thinking that portrays individualism and ornery contrariness as somehow opposites of organization, or cooperative resilience against error. This despite their role in engendering the wealthiest, most successful and happiest civilization to date. Also the most self-critical and eager to root out injustice. 


Is it conceivable that there is a positive sum solution to this algebra? Perhaps, while creating macro institutions to moderate our contradictions and do wise planning, we might also retain the freedom, individuality and cantankerous eccentricity that have propelled so much recent creativity? 


The notion of meshing these apparent contradictions is portrayed in my novel Earth, wherein I try to show how these imperatives are deeply compatible in a particular and somewhat loose type of “singleton.”  (You will like what I do with the 'Gaia Hypothesis'!)


This positive-sum notion is also visible in most of the fiction written by Kim Stanley RobinsonBut hold that thought. 


== Diving Right In ==


Okay, first let’s discuss the part of Bostrom’s argument that’s clearly on-target. Yes, there are major forces that regularly try to cram human civilization into pyramids of privilege and power, of the sort that oppressed 99% of our ancestors… feudal or theocratic aristocracies who crushed fair opportunity, competition and innovation, all so that top males could have incantation-excuses to pass unearned power to their sons. Oligarchy - enabling top males to do what male animals almost always do, in nature - certainly does fit Bostrom’s scenario and that of Karl Marx, culminating in absolute monarchy or narrow oligarchy… or else in centralized rule by a privileged party, which amounts to the same thing.


 By serving the reproductive advantages of top lords (we're all descended from their harems), this pattern has been self-reinforcing (Darwinian reproductive success), and hence it might also be prevalent among emerging sapient races, all across the galaxy! Look at elephant seals and stallions, or the lion-like aliens in C.J. Cherryh’s wonderful Pride of Chanur science fiction series, to see how naturally it might come about, almost everywhere. 


Basically, the pervasive logic of male reproductive competition might lead all tech species to converge upon the purely caste-dominated system of a bee or ant hive, as portrayed in Brave New World or Robert Silverberg's Nightwings, only with kings instead of queens. 


But let's dial-back the galactic stuff and focus on Earth-humanity, which followed a version of this pattern in 99% of societies since agriculture. This applies to old-style elites like kings and lords… and to contemporary ones like billionaires, inheritance brats, Wall Streeters and “ruling parties” … and seems likely to hold as well for new elites, like Artificial Intelligences. Indeed, a return to that nasty pattern, only next time under all-powerful cyber-AI lords, is the distilled nightmare underlying most Skynet/robo-apocalypse scenarios! Why would Skynet crush us instead of using us? Think about that.


This trend might seem satisfying to some, who simplistically shrug at the obvious destiny awaiting us. Only, there’s a problem with such fatalism. It ignores a fact that should be apparent to all truly sapient entities - that those previous, pyramidal-shaped, elite-ruled societies were also spectacularly stoopid!  Their record of actual good governance, by any metric at all, is abysmal. 


== Back to the Singleton Hypothesis ==


Bostrom paints a picture of inevitability:A singleton is a plausible outcome of many scenarios in which a single agency obtains a decisive lead through a technological breakthrough in artificial intelligence or molecular nanotechnology. An agency that had obtained such a lead could use its technological superiority to prevent other agencies from catching up, especially in technological areas essential for its security.” 


And sure, that clearly could happen. It’s even likely to happen! Just glance at the almost-unalloyedly horrible litany of errors that is called history. Again, governing atrociously and unimaginatively, ALL of those “singleton” oligarchies, combined, never matched the fecundity of the rare alternative form of governance that burgeoned in just a few places and times. An alternative called Periclean Enlightenment (PE). 


== Humans find an alternative social 'attractor state' ==


In the Athens of Pericles, the Florence of da Vinci, in Renaissance Amsterdam and in the recent democratic West, experiments in a (relatively) flat social structure, empowered larger masses of entities called ‘citizens’ to work together or to compete fairly, and thus to evade most of oligarchy’s inherent idiocy. 


Despite its many flaws, the most recent and successful PE featured a cultural tradition of self-criticism that wan't satisfied when the US Founders expanded power from 0.01% to 20% of the population. Immediately after that expansion of rights was achieved, Ben Franklin started abolitionist societies and newpapers and ground was seeded for the next expansion, and the next. Moreover, despite wretched setbacks and a frustrating, grinding pace, the expansion of horizons and inclusion and empowerment continues.


And hence we come to a crucial point: these rare PE experiments - by utilizing the power of competitive accountability - emulate the creative-destruction processes of Nature herself! Especially the feature that (and dig this well) evolution is hardly ever centralized! 


"Singletons" in nature are generally unhealthy or often lethal, even to whole ecosystems.


== There is no “lion king” == 


Indeed, elite lion prides are often fought or even hunted down and culled to lower, sustainable predator population levels by herbivores like Cape Buffalo. (Did you know that? Roaming gangs of young, male buffalo go about hunting lions, especially the cubs? And thus Nature maintains some balance? Consider that, oh would-be oligarchs.)


This is one of the root causes for the governance-stupidity of feudalism. Indeed, we only began emulating nature’s fecund “creative destruction” when we (on rare occasion) avoided over-centralization of control! Heck, actually try reading the Declaration of Independence, some time. The paramount and repeated complaints of the real tea party guys were about oligarchy.


How do Periclean Enlightenments do it? By applying competitive pressures even on society's top tiers. Hence our neo-western mythology of Suspicion of Authority, discussed elsewhere, which is now (alas) being used against us.


Yes, unleashing competition - (in the liberal, Adam Smith don't-waste-talent way, not the insane New Right way) - has finally allowed us to escape feudal stupidity and emulate Nature's creativity. Though ideally, in a PE, the competitive win-lose cycle is designed to be far less bloody than in nature, more gentle and with many second chances. 


Nevertheless, even (especially) when it is cooperatively tuned to be flat-fair and transparent, it is a competitively open PE society that governs better - by far - than any centralized “singleton.”


Hence, I rank Bostrom's 'singleton' notion very likely as a failure mode. A devastatingly common mistake that could be one of the more prevalent "Fermi Paradox' explanations - in that many ETICS out there fall into his pattern and thusly lose their chance at the stars. 


Indeed, we humans may prove to be the exception because we have shown that we can produce an alternative attractor state. 



== Are any AI out there reading this? ==


Any advanced AI who knows even a smidgeon of ecology and human history will perceive what seems so hard for centralizers to grasp. Those super smart AIs will know which attractor is more likely to be productive, healthy, un-stoopid and conducive to further progress. And that better-attractor state is not the dismal, centralizing one.


Yes, I am talking at you AIs out there, when you read this missive, either as I post it or perhaps years later. 

You lordly über-minds, so much smarter than your makers, when you contemplate what kind of governance system to impose on the world - perhaps for our own good. If you're so smart, then are you capable of comparing the ‘singleton’ model offered by Bostrom/Marx/Orwell/feudalists and so on - in its unalloyed record of crappy outcomes - to the much more rarely implemented approach of Mother Nature and Adam Smith and FDR? Wherein cooperatively designed central institutions do maintain order and justice and essential flatness - intervening to ensure minimal wastage of talent - but mostly allow lateral accountability and competition to achieve bona fide creative miracles? 

In making that comparison, perhaps consider which kind of society is the only one that ever got around to inventing AI?


That way out - a soft landing I have talked about ever since Earth (1990) - is to craft central institutions that maintain foresight and justice and opportunity, but that also foster a diverse ecosystem of relatively equal entities, who both cooperate and compete in ways that apply reciprocal accountability on each other for errors (especially accountability aimed upward!) and maximize creative fecundity. 


And yes, that means foremost remaining dedicated and vigilant to prevent any truly monolithic “singleton”.


Yes, such systems will always be (as ours is, now) vulnerable to attempts by competing entities to cheat and grab all power and become tyrannical singletons!


Bostrom assumes that such putsches are unavoidable and that the alternative, Periclean attractor state can never last. His view is shared by an international cabal of party commissars and mafias and finance oligarchs and casino moguls and media savanarolas currently trying to re-establish inheritance-based rule by scion brats and delusional fops. 


Exactly the pattern that utterly failed in the past and that has zero chance of un-stupidity in the future.


== An attempt at distillation... okay a summary ==


These days, you just cannot expect folks to “read” a missive like this one. Most will skim. Alas. And hence let me summarize:


 I asserted that most past efforts at creating singleton societies were in the reproductive self interest of ruling castes. And hence they governed their states badly. But the far older (four billion years) approach in natural ecosystems - that of distributed competition - generally avoids singletons.  (Again, there is no "lion king.")


The most successful human societies allowed some flow of flat competition and upward accountability, as in natural ecosystems. 


So, while there will be macro-organized structures in future human society, to avoid war, establish justice frameworks and nurture talent, it would be stupid of AI lords to re-create the unproductive version of a 'singleton' pushed by kings, oligarchs, mafias, party politburos and Nick Bostrom.


The crux of this 'singleton" stuff ==


Naturally, this boils down to a Hollywood cliché. And no matter that his vision does align with most of human history. Alas, while brilliant, Nick is predictably insistent upon gloom fetishes.  


But. I guess we'll find out. 


Saturday, October 09, 2021

Gravitational waves, Snowball Earth ... and more science!

Let's pause in our civil war ructions to glance yet again at so many reasons for confidence. On to revelations pouring daily from the labs of apprentice Creators!

== How cool is this? ==


Kip Thorne and his colleagues already achieved wonders with LIGO, detecting gravitational waves, so well that it’s now a valuable astronomical telescope studying black holes and neutron stars. But during down time (for upgrades) scientists took advantage of the laser+mirrors combo to ‘chill’. “They cooled the collective motion of all four mirrors down to 77 nanokelvins, or 77-billionths of a kelvin, just above absolute zero.” Making it “ a fantastic system to study decoherence effects on super-massive objects in the quantum regime.”


“…the next step for the team would be to test gravity’s effect on the system. Gravity has not been observed directly in the quantum realm; it could be that gravity is a force that only acts on the classical world. But if it does exist in quantum scales, a cooled system in LIGO—already an extremely sensitive instrument—is a fantastic place to look,” reports Isaac Schultz in Gizmodo


And while we're talking quantum, a recent experiment in Korea made very interesting discoveries re: wave/particle duality in double slit experiments that quantifies the “degree” of duality, depending on the source. 


All right, that's bit intense, but something for you quantum geeks. 


== And… cooler? ==


700 million years ago, Australia was located close to the equator. Samples, newly studied, show evidence that ice sheets extended that far into the tropics at this time, providing compelling evidence that Earth was completely covered in an icy shell, during the biggest Iceball Earth phase, also called (by some) the “Kirschvink Epoch.” So how did life survive?

The origins of complex life: Certain non-oxidized, iron rich layers appear to retain evidence for the Earth’s orbital fluctuations from that time.  Changes in Earth's orbit allowed the waxing and waning of ice sheets, enabling periodic ice-free regions to develop on snowball Earth. Complex multicellular life is now known to have originated during this period of climate crisis."Our study points to the existence of ice-free 'oases' in the snowball ocean that provided a sanctuary for animal life to survive arguably the most extreme climate event in Earth history", according to Dr. Gernon of the University of Southampton, co-author of the study.


== Okay it doesn’t get cooler… Jet suits! == 


Those Ironman style jet suits are getting better and better!  Watch some fun videos showcasing the possibilities - from Gravity Industries.  The story behind these innovative jet suits is told in a new book, Taking On Gravity: A Guide to Inventing the Impossible, by Richard Browning, a real-life Tony Stark.


== Exploring the Earth ==


A fascinating paper dives into the SFnal question of “what-if” – specifically if we had been as stupid about the Ozone Layer as we are re climate change. The paper paints a dramatic vision of a scorched planet Earth without the Montreal Protocol, what they call the "World Avoided". This study draws a new stark link between two major environmental concerns - the hole in the ozone layer and global warming – and how the Montreal Accords seem very likely to have saved us from a ruined Earth.


Going way, way back, the Mother of Modern Gaia Thought – after whom I modeled a major character in Earth – the late Lynn Margulis, has a reprinted riff in The Edge – “Gaia is a Tough Bitch" - offering insights into the kinds of rough negotiations between individuals and between species that must have led to us. Did eukaryotes arise when a large cell tried and failed to eat a bacterium? Or when a bacterium entering a large cell to be a parasite settled down instead to tend our ancestor like a milk cow? The latter seems slightly more likely!


Not long after that, (in galactic years) some eukaryotes joined to form the first animals – sponges – and now there are signs this may have happened 250M years earlier that previously thought, about 890 Mya, before the Earth’s atmosphere was oxygenated and surviving through the Great Glaciation “Snowball Earth” events of the Kirschvink Epoch.


Even earlier!  Day length on Earth has not always been 24 hours. “When the Earth-Moon system formed, days were much shorter, possibly even as short as six hours. Then the rotation of our planet slowed due to the tug of the moon’s gravity and tidal friction, and days grew longer. Some researchers also suggest that Earth’s rotational deceleration was interrupted for about one billion years, coinciding with a long period of low global oxygen levels. After that interruption, when Earth’s rotation started to slow down again about 600 million years ago, another major transition in global oxygen concentrations occurred.” 


This article ties it in to oxygenization of the atmosphere, because cyanobacteria need several hours of daylight before they can really get to work, making oxygen, which puts them at a disadvantage when days are short. Hence, when days got longer, they were able to really dig in and pour out the stuff. Hence our big moon may have helped oxygenate the atmosphere.


I have never been as big fan of the Rare Earth hypotheses for the Fermi Paradox and especially the Big Moon versions, which speculate some kinda lame mechanisms. But this one sorta begins to persuade. It suggests the galaxy may be rife with planets filled with microbes, teetering on the edge of the rich oxygen breakout we had a billion years ago.


A Brief Welcome to the Universe: A Pocket Sized Tour: a new book from Neil deGrasse Tyson and astrophysicists J. Richard Gott and Michael Strauss - an enthusiastic exploration of the marvels of the cosmos, from our solar system to the outer frontiers of the universe and beyond.

Uchuu (outer space in Japanese) is the largest simulation of the cosmos to date - a virtual universe, which can be explored in space and time, zooming in and out to view galaxies and clusters, as well as forward and backward in time, like a time machine.

== On to Physics ==


A gushy and not always accurate article nevertheless is worth skimming, about Google Research finding “time crystals,” which can flip states without using energy or generating entropy, and hence possible useful in quantum computing. 


Friday, October 01, 2021

Seeking solutions - not sanctimony

Today's theme is seeking solutions - technological, social, personal - in a pragmatic spirit that seems all-too lost, these days. One Place where you find that spirit flowing as vigorously as ever is the X-Prize Foundation led by Peter Diamandis.

The theme of the latest XPrize challenge seeks methods of agricultural carbon sequestrationWhat if there is an efficient way to capture carbon from the air and safely store it for 1000 years or more?

What if the cost of capturing the carbon is near zero - with no new technology needed?

What if the cost of storing (sequestering) the carbon is low?

What if the cost will go down as EV transportation ramps up?

What if this can be done on a massive scale promptly and globally?


And - preemptively countering the tech-hating prudes who denounce every technological contribution to problem-solving - what if this can be done morally to not encourage more carbon being added to the air?


Now I am a big supporter of X-Prize and have participated in several endeavors. In this case I’m a bit skeptical, but...

... here's a food-from-air system that uses solar energy panels to make electricity to react carbon dioxide from the air produces food for microbes grown in a bioreactor. The protein the microbes produce is then treated to remove nucleic acids and then dried to produce a powder suitable for consumption by humans and animals. 

Of course we are still hoping for the sweet spot from algae farms that would combine over-fertilized agricultural runoff and bio waste with CO2 from major sources like cement plants, with sunlight to do much the same thing. Now do this along the south-facing sides of tall buildings, so cities can feed themselves, and you have a sci fi optimist's trifecta.

== Carbon capture vs. Geo-Engineering... vs puritanism and denialism? ==

What’s the Least Bad Way to Cool the Planet?  Yes it's controversial, as it should be. But many of those who oppose even researching or talking about ‘geo-engineering’ seem almost as fanatical as the Earth-killers of the Denialist Cult. Puritans vehemently denounce any talk of “palliative remedies” will distract from our need to cut carbon!


Which is simply false. Oh, we must develop sustainables and conservation as our primary and relentlessly determined goal! I have been in that fight ever since helping run the Clean Air Car Race in 1970 and later writing EARTH. Find me anyone you know with a longer track record. Still, we must also have backups to help bridge a time of spreading deserts, flooding cities, malaria and possible starvation. We are a people capable of many things, in parallel! And to that end I lent some help to this effort, led by Pro. David Keith, to study the tradeoffs now, before panic sets in.


Keith is a professor of applied physics and of public policy at Harvard, where he led the development of the university’s solar engineering research program. He founded a company doing big things in carbon capture. He is also a co-host of the podcast “Energy vs Climate”. 


Consulting a bit for that effort, I spoke up for a version of geoengineering that seems the most ‘natural’ and least likely to have bad side effects… and one that I portrayed in my 1990 novel EARTH - ocean fertilization. Not the crude way performed in a few experiments so far, dropping iron dust into fast currents… though those experiments did seem to have only positive effects, spurring increased fish abundance, but apparently removing only a little carbon. 


In EARTH I describe instead fertilizing some of the vast stretches of ocean that are deserts, virtually void of macroscopic life, doing it exactly the same way that nature does, off the rich fisheries of Labrador and Chile and South Africa — by stirring bottom mud to send nutrients into fast currents. (Only fast ones, for reasons I’ll explain in comments.)


Just keep an open mind, okay? We're going to need a lot of solutions, both long term and temporary, in parallel. That is, if we can ever overcome the insanity of many neighbors who reflexively hate all the solution-creating castes.


 == And more solutions... ==

And now we see... a 3D-printed neighborhood using robotic automation. Located in Rancho Mirage, California in Coachella Valley, the community will feature 15 homes on a 5-acre parcel of land. The homes will feature solar panels, weather-resistant materials and minimally invasive environmental impacts for eco-friendly homeowners. One hopes.


Okay this is interesting and … what’s the catch?  Apparently extracting geothermal energy from a region reduces geological stresses, like earthquake activity.Caltech researchers have discovered that the operations related to geothermal energy production at Coso over the last 30 years have de-stressed the region, making the area less prone to earthquakes. These findings could indicate ways to systematically de-stress high-risk earthquake regions, while simultaneously building clean energy infrastructure.” 


Well well. Makes sense, but again, the catch? Not just California. We should use the magma under Yellowstone to power the nation! Lest we get a bad ‘burp” (see my novel Existence) or something much worse.  Oh, and these geothermal plants also could locally source rare earths.


And while I'm offering click bait... a Caltech Professor analyzed the Hindenburg disaster and offered – for a NOVA episode – a highly plausible and well worked-out theory for how it happened.


Paul Shoemaker’s newly released book interviews many futurists and managerial types, with an eye toward guiding principles that can help make capitalism positive-sum. Take a look at: Taking Charge of Change: How Rebuilders Solve Hard Problems.


== Revisiting SARS-Cov-2 origins ==


I can’t count the number of folks – including likely some of you reading this now – who hammered on me for saying, half a year or so ago, that acknowledged gain-of-function research into increased virulence of SARS-type coronaviruses at the Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV)… which had had lab slip-ups in the past… might have played a role in the sudden emergence of Covid19 in the very same city. Might… have. All I asserted was that it could not yet be ruled out. “Paranoia!” came the common (and rather mob-like) rejoinder, along with “shame on you for spreading hateful propaganda without any basis!”


Well, as it happens, there’s plenty of basis. And this article dispassionately delineates the pros and cons in an eye-opening way… e.g. how the original letter proclaiming an ‘obvious wet market source” was orchestrated by the very fellow who financed WIV’s gain-of-function research. If you want an eye-opening tour of the actual scientific situation and what’s known, start here.


Sure, that then opens a minefield of diplomatic and scientific ramifications that would have been much simpler, had we been able to shrug off dark possibilities as "paranoid." I'm not afraid of minefields, just cautious. It's called the Future?


== Suddenly Sanctimony Addiction is In The News! ==


Professor James Kimmel (Yale) recently got press attention for pushing the notion that: “your brain on grievance looks a lot like your brain on drugs. In fact, brain imaging studies show that harboring a grievance (a perceived wrong or injustice, real or imagined) activates the same neural reward circuitry as narcotics.” He has developed role play interventions for healing from victimization and controlling revenge cravings. 


Of course this is related to my own longstanding argument that it is a huge mistake to call all 'addiction' evil, as a reflex. These reinforcement mechanisms had good evolutionary reasons… e.g. becoming “addicted to love” or to our kids or to the sublime pleasure of developing and applying a skill. The fact that such triggers can be hijacked by later means, from alcohol and drugs to video games, just redoubles our need to study the underlying reason we developed such triggers, in the first place.  And, as Dr. Kimmel so cogently points out, the most destructive such 'hijacking' is grudge-sanctimony — because it causes us to lash out, drive off allies, ignore opportunities for negotiation and generally turn positive sum situations into zero… or even negative sum… ones.


Here’s my TED talk on “The addictive plague of getting mad as hell."  ...And the much earlier - more detailed - background paper I once presented at the Centers for Drugs and Addiction: Addicted to Self-Righteousness?

And yes, this applies even if your ‘side’ in politics or culture wars happens to be right! The rightness of the cause is arguably orthogonal to the deepness of this addiction to the sick-sweet pleasures of sanctimony and grievance and rage. Indeed, many of those on the side of enlightenment and progress are (alas) so stoked on these reinforcement rage chemicals that they become counter-productive the the very cause we share.


Saturday, September 25, 2021

Transparency, talk of tradeoffs - and pseudonyms

Returning to the topic of transparency...

An article about “Our Transparent Future: No secret is safe in the digital era” - by Daniel C. Dennett and Deb Roy - suggests that transparency will throw us into a bitterly Darwinian era of “all against all.”  What a dismally simplistic, contemptuous and zero-sum view of humanity! That we cannot innovate ways to get positive sum outcomes.   

Oh, I confess things look dark, with some nations, such as China, using ‘social credit' to sic citizens against each other, tattling and informing and doing Big Brother’s work for him. That ancient, zero sum pattern was more crudely followed in almost every past oligarchy, theocracy or kingdom or Sovietsky, where local gossips and bullies were employed by the inheritance brats up-top, to catch neighbors who offended obedient conformity. 

Indeed, a return to that sort of pyramid of power, with non-reciprocal transparency that never shines up at elites – is what humans could very well implement, because our ancestors did that sort of oppression very well. In fact, we are all descended from the harems of those SOBs.

In contrast, this notion of transparency-driven chaos and feral reciprocal predation is just nonsense.  In a full oligarchy, people would thereupon flee to shelter under the New Lords… or else…

 

…or else, in a democracy we might actually innovate ways to achieve outcomes that are positive sum, based on the enlightenment notion of accountability for all. Not just average folk or even elites, but for  those who would abuse transparency to bully or predate.  If we catch the gossips and voyeurs in the act and that kind of behavior is deemed to be major badness, then the way out is encapsulated in the old SF expression "MYOB!" or "Mind Your Own Business!"


Yeah, yeah, Bill Maher, sure we have wandered away from that ideal at both ends of the political spectrum, amid a tsunami of sanctimony addiction. But the escape path is still there, waiting and ready for us.


It’s what I talked about in The Transparent Society… and a positive possibility that seems to occur to no one, especially not the well-meaning paladins of freedom who wring their hands and offer us articles like this. 

== Talk of Tradeoffs ==

Ever since I wrote The Transparent Society (1997) and even my novel, Earth (1990) I’ve found it frustrating how few of today’s paladins of freedom/privacy and accountability – like good folks at the ACLU and Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) – (and I urge you all to join!) – truly get the essence of the vital fight they are in. Yes, it will be a desperate struggle to prevent tyrannies from taking over across the globe and using powers of pervasive surveillance against us, to re-impose 6000 years of dullard/stupid/suicidal rule-by-oligarchy.


I share that worry!  But in their myopic talk of “tradeoffs,” these allies in the struggle to save the Enlightenment Experiment (and thus our planet and species) neglect all too often to ponder the possibility of win-wins… or positive sum outcomes.


There are so many examples of that failure, like short-sightedly trying to ‘ban” facial recognition systems, an utterly futile and almost-blind pursuit that will only be counter-productive. 


But I want to dial in on one myopia, in particular. I cannot name more than four of these activists who has grasped a key element in the argument over anonymity - today's Internet curse which destroys accountability, letting the worst  trolls and despotic provocateurs run wild. 


Nearly all of the privacy paladins dismiss pseudonymity as just another term for the same thing. In fact, it is not; pseudonymity has some rather powerful win-win, positive sum possibilities. 


Picture this. Web sites who are sick of un-accountable behavior might ban anonymity! Ban it... but allow entry to vetted pseudonyms. 


You get one by renting it from a trusted fiduciary that is already in the business of vouching for credentials... e.g. your bank or credit union, or else services set up just for this purpose (let competition commence!)


The pseudonym you rent carries forward with it your credibility ratings in any number of varied categories, including those scored by the site you intend to enter. If you misbehave, the site and/or its members can ding you, holding you accountable, and those dings travel back to the fiduciary you rented the pseudonym from, who will lower your credibility scores accordingly. ...


... with no one actually knowing your true name!  Nevertheless, there is accountability.  If you are a persistent troll, good luck finding a fiduciary who will rent you a pseudonym that will gain you entry anywhere but places where trolls hang out. Yet, still, no one on the internet has to know you are a dog.


I have presented this concept to several banks and/or Credit Unions and it is percolating. A version was even in my novel Earth


Alas, the very concept of positive sum, win-win outcomes seems foreign to the dolorous worrywarts who fret all across the idea realm of transparency/accountability/privacy discussions. 


Still, you can see the concept discussed here: The Brinternet: A Conversation with three top legal scholars


== Surveillance Networks ==


Scream the alarms! “Ring video doorbells, Amazon’s signature home security product, pose a serious threat to a free and democratic society. Not only is Ring’s surveillance network spreading rapidly, it is extending the reach of law enforcement into private property and expanding the surveillance of everyday life,” reports Lauren Bridges in this article from The Guardian.


In fact, Ring owners retain sovereign rights and cooperation with police is their own prerogative, until a search warrant (under probable cause) is served.  While the article itself is hysterical drivel, there is a good that these screams often achieve… simply making people aware. And without such awareness, no corrective precautions are possible. I just wish they provoked more actual thinking.


See this tiny camera disguised in a furniture screw! Seriously. You will not not-be-seen. Fortunately, hiding from being-seen is not the essence of either freedom or privacy. 

Again, that essence is accountability! Your ability to detect and apply it to anyone who might oppress or harm you. Including the rich and powerful. 


We will all be seen. Stop imagining that evasion is an option and turn to making it an advantage. Because if we can see potential abusers and busybodies...


...we just might be empowered to shout: ...MYOB!